Fissures – How to cure Fissures? – An Ayurveda Perspective
Fissures health issue is very common across the world. There are lots of treatments available in Allopathy , Homeopathy, Ayurveda etc. This article provides for an Ayurveda perspective on Fissures.
Fissures is merely a tear in anal canal extending from just below dentate line to anal verge. It is the most painful condition in anal region and mostly seen in young adults.
- Straining for stools
- Due to hard stools their is absorption of water which leads to constipation and spasm of sphincters leading burning and cutting pain that lasts for 4 hrs after defecation
- Initiating factor- Overstretching of anoderm by large hard stools
Our body has tendency to protect itself.Therefore to protect fissure,the anal canal goes into spasm to hide the wound. And inside anal canal their is hypertrophied papilla and outside a tag is visible called sentinal tag.
- In Males commonest position is Posterior side -90%, Anterior side – 10%.
- In Females- during pregnancy due to tear of perineum resulting in loose support to anterior anus and maximal stretching at this site and less blood supply – Anterior side – 60% , Posterior side – 40%
- To increase blood supply should take “Sitz Bath”. In this, patient has to sit in a bucket filled with warm water and magnesium sulphate (anti-inflammatory) for 10 to 15 mins before and after defecation. This leads to vasodilation, thereby increasing blood supply
- Use of Stools Softeners – Laxatives, Gandharva Haritaki Churna, Abhayarishta,Triphala Churna, Liquid Paraffin
- To prevent spasm local application such as Xylocaine Jelly,Lignocaine Jelly, Nitric Oxide is used
- For Chronic Anal Fissure, formation of Sentinal tag, Sphincterotomy, Lord Dilation needs to be done