Obesity i.e. Sthaulya is has been a most talking health problems across the globe. This is mainly caused due to the work routine, the untimely eating habits, eating junk foods, not doing regular exercise etc. So in this article, we will learn it’s definition, Reasons causing it and ways to treat it. Let’s look at how to deal with the obesity problem.
According to Ayurveda there are 7 basic tissue elements in the body also known as Dhatus. Dhatus are extremely important aspects in deciding a person’s health. In Sthaulya one of the 7 dhatus called Meda is increased. Meda means Fats. Normally Meda Dhatu provides insulation and energy, protect vitals organs. But obesity begins when there is excess accumulation of meda (fats) under skin and around organs.
It is easy to diagnose as the bulge of fats can be easily seen. It is not just related to weight but to BMI i.e. BODY MASS INDEX. It is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the height in metres. Generally BMI is found to be greater than 30 in case of Obese people. They have too much fats over cheeks, buttocks, stomach, large hips and pendulous breast. They get easily tired, no stamina , increase in B.P. etc.
Due to lack of exercise, sedentary lifestyle, psychologically disturbed, depressed or due to endocrine hyper-function.
Therefore Ayurveda says KARSHYAMEVA VARAM STHOULYA (Lean is always better than obese)
Sandhigata Vata (संधिवात) is also known as Osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis mainly occurs due to degenerative changes such as menopause, deficiency disorders etc. Sandigata vaat is a depletion of bone tissue called asthikshaya. It mostly occurs due to deficiency of nutrients or increase in Vata Dosha. It mainly occurs in the patients with a problem of Osteopenia which results in low bone density. These patients are very prone to bone fracture during injuries,traumas etc.
Also when there is pathology in large intestine such as gases,constipation the pathology is transferred to bones which become porous because the site of Vata Dosha is large intestine. Also when the Agni is low the nutrients are not supplied in sufficient quantity to Asthi Dhatu.
1. Weakening of bones which is prone to fracture,
2. Pain and weakness in the bones
1. To strengthen the Asthi Dhatu Prithvi (Earth) elements are needed
2. Earth elements can be found in foods like grains, milk, meats, nuts, root vegetables etc.
3. For Women, a regular menstrual cycle is important for maintaining the bone strength
4. Manage lack of sleep, addictive patterns etc. with proper yoga and meditation.
5. Have food and medicine providing Vitamine C, Vitamine D, Calcium
Fissures – How to cure Fissures? – An Ayurveda Perspective
Fissures health issue is very common across the world. There are lots of treatments available in Allopathy , Homeopathy, Ayurveda etc. This article provides for an Ayurveda perspective on Fissures.
Fissures is merely a tear in anal canal extending from just below dentate line to anal verge. It is the most painful condition in anal region and mostly seen in young adults.
Straining for stools
Due to hard stools their is absorption of water which leads to constipation and spasm of sphincters leading burning and cutting pain that lasts for 4 hrs after defecation
Initiating factor- Overstretching of anoderm by large hard stools
Our body has tendency to protect itself.Therefore to protect fissure,the anal canal goes into spasm to hide the wound. And inside anal canal their is hypertrophied papilla and outside a tag is visible called sentinal tag.
In Males commonest position is Posterior side -90%, Anteriorside – 10%.
In Females- during pregnancy due to tear of perineum resulting in loose support to anterior anus and maximal stretching at this site and less blood supply – Anterior side –60% , Posterior side – 40%
To increase blood supply should take “Sitz Bath”. In this, patient has to sit in a bucket filled with warm water and magnesium sulphate (anti-inflammatory) for 10 to 15 mins before and after defecation. This leads to vasodilation, thereby increasing blood supply
Use of Stools Softeners – Laxatives, Gandharva Haritaki Churna, Abhayarishta,Triphala Churna, Liquid Paraffin
To prevent spasm local application such as Xylocaine Jelly,Lignocaine Jelly, Nitric Oxide is used
For Chronic Anal Fissure, formation of Sentinal tag, Sphincterotomy, Lord Dilation needs to be done
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) or अल्प रज स्त्राव is the most common hormone abnormality of reproductive age in women & ignorant too. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome occurs mostly in reproductive age between 18 to 35 yrs. According to Ayurveda most common symptoms are Alpa Raj Strav & Aniyamit Strav. Actual menstrual flow is considered to be by product of Rasa Dhatu.
Menstrual cycle is called Rutukala. The Kapha Dosha dominates the 1st half of cycle whereas 2nd half is dominated by Pitta Dosha. And Vaat Dosha begins during the menstrual period.
Cleanliness of genital organs
Garbhashay Lekhan Atiyog (D&C)
Ati Upvas (Extreme Fasting)
Ati Shit Annapan (Cold Beverages, ice creams etc.)
According to modern medicine science, hypothalamic pituitary functions abnormally which leads to high levels of hormones called androgens.That disturbs ovulatory process halting normal development of follices,which forms cysts(string of pearls outside border of ovary which leads to irregular menses
For balancing the flow:
Use Aganya Gunn Chiktasa like Madhur, Snigadh, Bruhan Aahar, Garbhashay Pooshan
Use Shatavari, Yashtimadhu, Ashwagandha, Sheerpaak or Kavat, Dashamul Arishta, Abaya Arishta
Fruits like Papaya, Banana, Pineapple, Coriander should be eaten
Following preventive measures can be considered to prevent Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:
Cleanliness of genital organs
During menstrual bleeding pads are left unbothered for 6 to 8 hrs,which is the best time for micro-organisns to culture. So pads should be changed every 4 hrs
Plenty of water should be consumed
Mental stability (Yoga Meditation can be considered here)
Control of body weight especially abdominal fats
Have Light food, avoid oily,sugary syrups, bakery products
Practice Yoga Asanas such as Surya Namaskar, Bhujangasana, Naukasana, Dhanurasana etc.